Aviation Regulation Directorate

The Aviation Regulation Directorate is one of the two major core areas responsible to discharge the regulatory duties of Ethiopian Civil Aviation Authority (ECAA). The Aviation Regulation Directorate headed by the Aviation Regulation Deputy Director General comprises the directorates listed below, who are responsible for safety/security oversight functions of the Authority and Economic Regulation matters.

The Duties and Responsibility of each Directorates are given as follows:

1. AirCraft Registration and AirWorthiness Certefication Directorate

  • Reviewing, processing and recording applications for registration and de-registration of aircraft, as appropriate, and issuing Certificates of Registration and De-registartion;
  • Keeping the national register of civil aircraft and making information from the register available as and when required;
  • Reviewing, processing and recording applications for issuance Certificates of Airworthiness and renewals of such certificates;
  • Surveying aircraft for issuance and renewal Certificates of Airworthiness;
  • Assisting the Personnel Licensing Department, as necessary, in reviewing and processing applications from aircraft maintenance personnel for the issuance, renewal, validation and extension of licenses and ratings;
  • Periodically reviewing the airworthiness condition and records of aircraft on the registry in order to assess the adequacy of their maintenance and the competence and diligence of the persons and organizations who perform the maintenance;
  • Investigating major defects discovered in aircraft and determining corrective action to be taken where airworthiness may be affected. Analyzing defect experience to detect and correct any trends and to reveal areas most in need of airworthiness improvement, and establishing a service difficulty reporting (SDR) system;
  • Reviewing aircraft and component manufacturers’ service bulletins and airworthiness directives issued by foreign airworthiness authorities to determine their applicability to the national aircraft, and directing corrective action where airworthiness may be affected;
  • Examining current and new international and foreign airworthiness standards related to continuing airworthiness and determining the need for adoption of critical features of those foreign standards into national requirements;
  • Surveying the maintenance facilities including training provisions, organization and quality control procedures of applicants for issuance and renewal of air operator certificates (AOCs), and making recommendations as appropriate with regard to the applications;
  • Surveying the facilities and procedures of applicants for issuance and renewal of certificates of approval to conduct activities bearing on the airworthiness of aircraft, making such issuance or renewal, as appropriate, and maintain records of same;
  • Surveying the facilities, procedures and staffing of applicants for approval to conduct the training of maintenance personnel, and issue and renew such approvals;
  • Conducting periodic surveillance of the facilities, procedures and work of holders ofAOCs, making appropriate directions and recommendations and approving amendments to the operator’s AOC and to his maintenance and quality control manuals as appropriate;
  • Assessing the qualifications of persons for designation asapproved persons, and of others as alternates, to perform certain airworthiness functions, and monitoring of the activities of these persons from time to time;approving the installation of aircraft components and equipment in aircraft based on approved data from FAAand/or EASA and /or Transport Canada;
  • Assessing aircraft and component reliability programmes and approving maintenance systems for aircraft, aircraft components and equipment;
  • Giving advice and recommendations in other areas of ECAA responsibility, such as shipment of airworthiness related dangerous goods, certification of operators and on other technical matters relating to aviation techniques and flight operations as may be required;
  • Providing loan of staff experts to assist in the investigation of aircraft accidents as and when required;
  • Participate in, or carry out, investigation of aircraft incidents as and when required;
  • Recommending and, where necessary, issuing directives concerning the maintenance, overhaul and repair standards to be met by aircraft and aircraft components and equipment, and procedures to be followed by the aviation industry to comply with the national air law and regulations related to airworthiness;
  • Preparing and distributing advisory material to the aviation industry concerning airworthiness practices and procedures, where such advice does not warrant mandatory action but may still make a significant contribution to flight safety;
  • Preparing and recommending amendments to the national air law concerning all matters of airworthiness within the scope of the functions and responsibilities of the Directorate;
  • Conferring at national and international levels on matters relating to the regulation of airworthiness;
  • Identifying and resolving regulatory problems associated with continuing airworthiness, establishing general and technical policies and procedures on which future airworthiness requirements can be based, and formulating changes in airworthiness policies and requirements which have a severe economic impact on the aviation industry;
  • Investigating possible violations of the national air law or regulations in regard to airworthiness and initiating legal or other corrective action where necessary;
  • Preparing and distributing to the aviation industry a series of documents, available to the public, containing all airworthiness directives specified for general compliance by the aviation industry;
  • Issuing approvals for inspection, overhaul, maintenance and repair organizations; and
  • Conduct regular surveillance of foreign operators in accordance with the established program and coordinate as necessary with the State of Operator/Registry for the resolution of safety issues.

2. Aviation Personnel and Training Organization Certification Directorate

  • Issuance of licenses to Pilots, Air Traffic Controllers, Aircraft Maintenance Technicians, Flight Operation Officers and Flight Engineers.
  • Renewal of the above licenses.
  • Type Rating Endorsement.
  • Replacement of licenses.
  • Issuance of Validation Certificate.
  • Issuance and Renewal of Pilot Training School Certificate.
  • Issuance and Renewal of Aircraft Maintenance Technician School Certificate.
  • Examination for Pilots, Aircraft Maintenance Technicians, Flight Operation Officers, Flight Engineers and Air Traffic Controllers.

3. Air Operators Certification and Servillance Directorate

  • Issuance /Renewal of Air Operator Certificate
  • Issuance /Renewal of Flight Simulators Certificate
  • Issuance of Dangerous Goods Transporting by Air Application for issuance and renewal must be submitted to the Authority.
  • Issuance of Notice Certificate Referring Annex 16 applicant must present an application.

4. Aerodrome Safety and Standards Directorate

  • Ensuring that aerodromes in Ethiopia offer a safe operating environment in accordance with the Convention on International Civil Aviation;
  • Reviewing ICAO State letters on the subject of aerodromes, preparing response thereto and taking action thereon;
  • Notifying ICAO of differences between Ethiopian national aerodrome regulations and practices vis-à-vis the SARPs contained in ICAO Annex 14.
  • Carrying out aerodrome licensing/certification in accordance with Part 12 of Ethiopian Civil Aviation regulations;
  • Developing and reviewing national safety standards;
  • Monitoring and ensuring adherence to aerodrome standards and recommended practices through regular safety audits and providing measures for enforcing compliance;
  • Conducting regular reviews of aerodrome regulations and practices, and developing and issuing aerodrome safety directives, notices, circulars and/or publications containing guidance material relating to aerodrome standards and recommended practices to promote the improvement of aerodrome safety;
  • Reviewing aerodrome-related accident and incident investigation reports to determine if there is any violation of safety regulations and requirements by aerodrome operator;
  • Notification of Aeronautical Information regarding the licensed or certified status and particulars of aerodromes through promulgation in the Aeronautical Information Publications;
  • Construct, supervise various air transport facilities such as, towers, localizers, beacon house, VOR/DME shelters;
  • Perform any other related tasks associated with aerodrome operations.

5. Air Transport and Planning Directorate

Strategic Planning and Management

Develop long and short term strategic action plan that reliably enhance the quality of Air Navigation services over the Ethiopian air space and technical ability to regulate the air transport industry in order to meet the needs of users for safe, regular, efficient and economical air transport.

Economic Regulations of International and Domestic Air Transport Services
Create conducive economic regulatory environment that ensures progressive change towards market access, effective and sustained service as well as fair competition in international and domestic air transport in order to increase users’ access to the widest possible choice of options.

Services provided:

  • Air Services Negotiations
  • Issuance of operating permit for Scheduled & non-scheduled commercial air transport and General Aviation
  • Flight schedule approval
  • Investment permit/business license issuance to Indigenous and Foreign Investors
  • Issuance of Investment permit for expansion or upgrading of the existing investment
  • Investment Permit/business license renewal
  • Facilitate the issuance of resident & work permit for expatriates working for airlines operating in Ethiopia
  • Air Transport Statistics

6. Security and Facilitation Directorate

  • Organizing and coordinating the National Facilitation Program to ensure all the agencies concerned with the program are aware of their responsibilities, and they comply with the Standards and Recommended Practices in the Annex 9 to the Chicago Convention;
  • Ensures the facilitation measures related to the movements of passengers, cargo, mails, and baggage are effectively implemented at international and domestic airports through inspection and audit and in addition, forwards recommendations to maximize facilitation at the airports;
  • Initiate a broad national policy and regulations relating to Facilitation (annex 9) and monitor its implementation through quality control measures;
  • Review and approval Airport Facilitation Program and ensure the implementation through Audit and Inspection;
  • Issue Crew Member Certificate (CMC) to the appropriate airline operators registered in Ethiopia.

7. Air Navigation Regulation Directorate

The Air Navigation Regulation Directorate is responsible for safety oversight of air navigation services and meteorology services provided for air navigation. The safety oversight delegation of authority is indicated on Ethiopian Civil Aviation proclamation NO 616/2008.The directorate includes:

  • ATS and SAR Inspectorate
  • AIS and COM Inspectorate
  • CNS Inspectorate
  • MET Inspectorate
  • PANS-OPS and Cartography Inspectorate

The duties and responsibilty of the above Inspectorates are:

  • Identify weakness in the Documentation; Operational processes and procedures,
  • Identify performance of human resource in relationship with equipment and procedures,
  • Conduct periodic audit / inspection, surveillance activities,
  • Set requirements for the development of the necessary manuals, plans of operation, maintenance of personnel training records and implementation of training programs for ANS employees,
  • Prepare and update guidance materials, Inspection checklist, Procedure handbook and other documents,
  • Ensure the implementation of systematic management of the risks with in Air Navigation services,
  • Ensure that operational personnel competent to perform their duty,
  • Ensure ANS have implemented effective coordination with concerned units,
  • Determine the degree of conformance achieved by the Air Navigation Services provider in relation to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards,
  • Providing professional advice and assistance on safety matters,
  • Ensure by prepare and disseminate guidance materials to the Air Navigation Services providers to perform accordingly.